Hysteroscopy is a procedure in which a slim, tubal instrument called the “Hysteroscope”, with a light source and a camera attached to its tip, is inserted inside the uterus through the vagina and cervix (vaginal or cervical tract) to enable the doctor to examine the vagina, cervix and uterus from within. This examination helps in finding abnormalities such as fibroids, adhesions and polyps that may be causing abdominal pain and bleeding. In this procedure, a doctor can not only examine the organs but also treat the problems that surface in the examination.
Hysteroscopy is further classified into two procedures:-
- Diagnostic Hysteroscopy – This leg of hysteroscopy involves the usage of the procedure to diagnose or find out problems in the uterus, it can follow other fertility tests such as laparoscopy, HSG test, X-Rays and others.
- Operative Hysteroscopy – This classification of Hysteroscopy involves the usage of the procedure to treat the problems found either through Diagnostic Hysteroscopy or another test. It can be performed simultaneously with Diagnostic Hysteroscopy thus saving time and also another surgery.
Some of the problems treated by this procedure include:-
- Abnormal bleeding
Some of the health troubles treated through Hysteroscopy comprise of:-
- Asherman Syndrome
- Congenital abnormalities in the uterus
- Cornual Cannulation
- Excessive Bleeding
- Removal of embedded IUCDs
- Tubal Cannulation
- Uterine Myoma (Fibroid Septum)
Benefits of Hysteroscopy:-
- Shorter time of recovery
- Low rate of recurrent pregnancy loss
- Increased pain endurance
- Improves conception rate
- Improves endometrial response